You are here: Home -> New Approach European Directives ->
Restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment (ROHS)
Restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment (ROHS)











Entry into force:  07/21/2011






  • 'electrical and electronic equipment’ or ‘EEE’ means equipment which is dependent on electric
    currents or electromagnetic fields in order to work properly and equipment for the generation,
    transfer and measurement of such currents and fields and designed for use with a voltage rating
    not exceeding 1 000 volts for alternating current and 1 500 volts for direct current;
  • for the purposes of point 1, ‘dependent ‘ means, with regard to EEE, needing electric currents or
    electromagnetic fields to fulfil at least one intended function;
  • ‘large-scale stationary industrial tools’ means a large-scale assembly of machines, equipment,
    and/or components, functioning together for a specific application, permanently installed and
    de-installed by professionals at a given place, and used and maintained by professionals in an
    industrial manufacturing facility or research and development facility;
  • ‘large-scale fixed installation’ means a large-scale combination of several types of apparatus
    and, where applicable, other devices, which are assembled and installed by professionals,
    intended to be used permanently in a pre-defined and dedicated location, and de-installed by
  • ‘cables’ means all cables with a rated voltage of less than 250 volts that serve as a connection
    or an extension to connect EEE to the electrical outlet or to connect two or more EEE to each other;
  • ‘homogeneous material’ means one material of uniform composition throughout or a material,
    consisting of a combination of materials, that cannot be disjointed or separated into different
    materials by mechanical actions such as unscrewing, cutting, crushing, grinding and abrasive
  • ‘in vitro diagnostic medical device’ means an in vitro diagnostic medical device within the
    meaning of point (b) of Article 1(2) of Directive 98/79/EC;
  • ‘active implantable medical device’ means any active implantable medical device within the
    meaning of point (c) of Article 1(2) of Council Directive 90/385/EEC of 20 June 1990 on the
    approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to active implantable medical devices;
  • ‘industrial monitoring and control instruments’ means monitoring and control instruments
    designed for exclusively industrial or professional use;
  • ‘availability of a substitute’ means the ability of a substitute to be manufactured and delivered
    within a reasonable period of time as compared with the time required for manufacturing and
    delivering the substances listed in Annex II;
  • ‘reliability of a substitute’ means the probability that an EEE using a substitute will perform a
    required function without failure under stated conditions for a stated period of time;
  • ‘spare part’ means a separate part of an EEE that can replace a part of an EEE. The EEE cannot
    function as intended without that part of the EEE. The functionality of EEE is restored or is
    upgraded when the part is replaced by a spare part;
  • ‘non-road mobile machinery made available exclusively for professional use’ means machinery,
    with an on-board power source, the operation of which requires either mobility or continuous or
    semi-continuous movement between a succession of fixed working locations while working, and
    is made available exclusively for professional use..

Categories of EEE covered by this Directive

  1. Large household appliances.

  2. Small household appliances

  3. IT and telecommunications equipment

  4. Consumer equipment

  5. Lighting equipment

  6. Electrical and electronic tools

  7. Toys, leisure and sports equipment

  8. Medical devices 

  9. Monitoring and control instruments including industrial monitoring and
    control instruments 

  10. Automatic dispensers

  11. Other EEE not covered by any of the categories above.



This Directive does not apply to:

  1. equipment which is necessary for the protection of the essential interests of the security of
    Member States, including arms, munitions and war material intended for specifically military
  2. equipment designed to be sent into space;
  3. equipment which is specifically designed, and is to be installed, as part of another type of
    equipment that is excluded or does not fall within the scope of this Directive, which can fulfil
    its function only if it is part of that equipment, and which can be replaced only by the same
    specifically designed equipment;
  4. large-scale stationary industrial tools;
  5. large-scale fixed installations;
  6. means of transport for persons or goods, excluding electric two-wheel vehicles which are
    not type-approved;
  7. non-road mobile machinery made available exclusively for professional use;
  8. active implantable medical devices;
  9. photovoltaic panels intended to be used in a system that is designed, assembled and installed
    by professionals for permanent use at a defined location to produce energy from solar light for
    public, commercial, industrial and residential applications;
  10. equipment specifically designed solely for the purposes of research and development only
    made available on a business-to-business basis.